The current electricity infrastructure lacks mechanisms to handle mass and concentrated energy demands primarily led by Electric Vehicles (EV) charging requirements. A potential mechanism to handle such surges during peak consumption hours without restructuring the grid is through integration of renewable micro energy sources at household or neighborhood levels. It becomes necessary to efficiently harness the potential of prosumers and develop tools to efficiently manage household/neighborhood energy production and consumption. Mechanisms are needed to pool upon the combined micro energy sources, integrate community level power storage units, predict production and consumption and allow sharing/trading of energy between households, neighborhoods and communities. ICT based smart-solutions can be used to substantially address and resolve such challenges. Data driven decentralized energy systems can disrupt the existing simplex supply-demand market relationship between producers and customer. With supporting environment-friendly energy production and storage technologies, conventional end customers will be able to produce clean energy locally (e.g. solar energy micro-generation). It would allow them to either meet their own requirements or sell it back to the grid. Meanwhile, the EV batteries could also be added as additional resource to the local energy storage systems. Such resources will be able to store locally generated power and have the capability to spontaneously participate in balancing consumption fluctuations. It will be particularly applicable for fluctuating intensive loads (e.g. heating, charging) and to solve congestion problems.
Project leader: Chunming Rong
Institution: Institutt for matematikk og fysikk