According to human rights standards and practice for the police that are put forward by the United Nations, police organisations shall serve four main objectives: (1) ensure compliance with democratically agreed laws; (2) prevent crimes; (3) respond to emergencies; and (4) provide supporting services to citizens. With the digitalisation of our society, on one hand, and on the other hand, the adoption of technologies to conduct sabotages, organised crimes, and terroristic attacks, police organisations are becoming depending on advanced technologies in order to deal with the amount and complexity of information that occurs during their day to day operations. Our research aims to study the appropriateness of using machine intelligence, also referred to as narrow artificial intelligence, in police operations to fulfill their mandate, and to foster human rights. Our interdisciplinary study comprises perspectives from the social and computing sciences, and works towards a balanced and responsible socio-technical approach in smart-city policing, where citizens can trust the police, and both co-create a safe and prosperous environment for everyone. The Nordic countries and Norway in particular have a long history of implementing organisations and policies for the benefit of mankind, i.e. with the founding of the UN in 1949. With our research we are miming to contribute to provide policies and technologies for using artificial intelligence in policing, to engage citizens and gain their trust in advanced technology support, and to minimize possibilities that machine intelligence is used to infringe fairness and freedom of citizens, and their human rights. The project brings together researchers in social and computing sciences, e.g. the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI), NTNU, UiA, and BI. Project members also represent a wide range of citizens, and police, e.g. Oslo City Kommune, Nordic Edge Smart City Innovation, Oslo & Øst police.
Project leader: Lasse Øverlier
Institution: Institutt for informasjonssikkerhet og kommunikasjonsteknologi